Stephen Hawking, a Theoretical Physicist and Cosmologist is a hugely popular personality in the world. He is an author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.
Profile Bio of Stephen Hawking
Born on 8th January, 1942, Stephen Hawking started his life as a normal being, who attended Byron House School in the beginning and attended St. Albans later. Beginning his Undergraduate education at University College, Oxford, he then went on to Cambridge for the purpose of research in Cosmology. At the age of 21 years, he was diagnosed with the motor neuron diseases, and doctors even expected his life to be just 23. However, he survived, but the disability continued with the rise and Mr. Hawking started losing his physical ability in the late 60s. He slowly lost his ability to walk along with his ability to deliver speeches and write. But with the loss of his abilities, he began adopting several other methods for the purpose of communication. As of now, he has lost his whole ability and can only communicate with the movement of his cheek muscles, with the communicate rate of one word per minute.
His Contributions in Physics
Highly active in the field of Quantum Gravity and General Relativity, he is known for Penrose–Hawking theorems, Hawking radiation and A Brief History of Time. His more popular views which can be better recalled as the second law of black hole dynamics, is in fact a reasoning that black holes could never get smaller and is considered as one of the popular contributions of Mr. Hawking. Extending the same concept, he in fact proposed four laws of black hole mechanism and his studies showed that black hole emit radiations, which are famously known as Hawking Radiation. This Hawking Radiation later paved the way for the significant breakthrough in theoretical physics.
His Notable Publications
The works of Mr. Stephen Hawking include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, and 300 Years of Gravity, with his coworker W Israel. Several other books of Stephen Hawking being published are his best seller; examples among them are A Brief History of Time, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, The Universe in a Nutshell, The Grand Design and My Brief History.
His academic publications include Information loss in black holes, the Wave function of the Universe, The development of irregularities in a single bubble inflationary universe”, Black hole explosions?”, The Singularities of Gravitational Collapse and Cosmology and Gravitational Radiation from Colliding Black Holes
Awards and Honors
During his entire lifetime, Stephen Hawking has won several accolades and awards. Among the several awards and such honors, the prominent and noteworthy to mention are Adams Prize, his first award in 1966, CBE award in 1982, Albert Einstein Award in 1978 and many others.
Mr. Stephen Hawking can be considered as a great visionary, who has actively put forward several views on various topics all around.